What are Tics & Tourettes?
Find Out More!
Tourettes & tics have both genetic and environmental factors
Current research shows abnormalities in certain brain regions including the basal ganglia, frontal lobe, and cortex, circuits that connect these regions, and the levels of neurotransmitters dopamine, serotonin and norepinephrine
There is no cure for TS, but there are behavioral and medical treatments available for symptoms which interfere with functioning
Examples of common simple tics are:
Motor tics: Eye blinking and other eye movements, facial grimacing, shoulder shrugging, head or neck jerking
Vocal tics: repetitive throat clearing, sniffing, barking, grunting
Although coprolalia (obscene or swearing tics) is one of the most publicized symptoms of TS, it is relatively uncommon and is not required for a diagnosis
Common co-occurring conditions are ADHD, OCD, anxiety, problems sleeping, social functioning difficulties, and sensory processing issues
These conditions can frequently present more challenges for an individual than the tics themselves